Feline Leukemia Virus Disease: A Major Threat to your Cat

Cats are also prone to very deadly medical conditions like humans. Amongst these fatal kinds of diseases that can be contracted by a cat is the Feline Leukemia Virus disease otherwise called the FeLV. Leukemia which is a disease of the white blood cells affects humans too. it is of three types. these days, cats can be protected from FeLV with vaccines, hence, it is imperative that your cat is taken for the latest medical care regularly.

There are three categories of FeLV. The first category is the Leukemia just like the type suffered by humans. This is when all the white blood cells are cancerous. But not every FeLV diseases are cancer. The second category is Lymphosarcoma which is cancerous as well. The disease starts from the lymphoid tissue around the lymph nodes affecting the kidneys, liver, Intestinal tract, brain, spine, blood and bone marrow. In the third category, we find the diseases that are not cancerous which are under FeLV. Among these diseases are anemia, arthritis and immune suppression. Some of them may be fatal as well.

Cats that are predisposed to FeLV are mostly those that get into fights. The FeLV virus is spread via saliva and when a cat is bitten and wounded, this creates a point of entry for the virus. The virus can also be contracted when cats share food or water from the same bowls, when they groom each other and from a mother to her kittens. If your cat is infected with FeLV, there are several possibilities. There are forms of the disease that are untreatable therefore, it’s important to prevent it as much as possible. Keep in mind too that if your cat contracts it, it can live for years with the disease, therefore, contact your Vet to assist you in the management of the disease. Cats with FeLV are a threat to other cats therefore, it is advisable for them to live in single-cat homes unless you’d rather pick euthanasia.

Till date, no relationship has been established between this disease in cats and the one in humans, therefore, safety is assured for your family. Based on this, individuals who are at risk should stay away from animals with the disease. Those in this category are neonates, old people, people with AIDS and those undergoing chemotherapy. Since the virus cannot survive outside the cat for more than a few hours, it’s safe to bring in cats to your house two days after you’ve taken out the sick cat. To know more about this, talk to your Vet.



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